Murchison Falls National Park is the oldest and the largest national park in Uganda.
The Park lies at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley, where the sweeping Bunyoro escarpment tumbles into vast, palm-dotted savanna. Murchison was first gazetted as a game reserve in 1926 and is host to 76 species of mammals and 451 birds. Murchison Falls became one of Uganda’s first national parks in 1952
The park is divided into two by the Victoria Nile, which plunges 45m over the remnant rift valley wall, creating the dramatic Murchison Falls, the centerpiece of the park and the final event in an 80km stretch of rapids. The mighty cascade drains the last of the river's energy, transforming it into a broad, placid stream that flows quietly across the rift valley floor into Lake Albert. This stretch of river provides one of Uganda's most remarkable wildlife spectacles. Regular visitors to the riverbanks include elephants, giraffes and buffaloes; while hippos, Nile crocodiles and aquatic birds are permanent residents. The northern section of the park contains savanna and borassus palms, acacia trees and riverine woodland. The south is dominated by woodland and forest patches.
Murchison falls has hosted visitors from all over the world with the most notable visitors to the park being Winston Churchill, Theodore Roosevelt, Ernest Hemingway and several British royals.
This park receives visitors from all over the world who have greater interest in wildlife safaris and adventure and come in any time throughout the year, although conditions in the park are more difficult during the rainy season and it is usually advisable to use 4x4 vehicles while on your Murchison Falls safari.
The major tourist activities in the park include game viewing typically around the delta circuit, chimpanzee tracking in the Budongo Forest, Launch cruise along the Nile to the bottom of the falls rewards you with sights of a diversity of bird species as well as wildlife, walk to the top of the falls and recently introduced rafting on the rapids of the River Nile.
Accommodation in Murchison Falls National Park is scattered across the park’s vast land with some facilities inside the gazeeted area and others on the outside. The lodges include; Bakers Lodge ,Paraa Safari Lodge, Chobe Safari Lodge, Nile Safari Lodge, Sambiya River Lodge, Pakuba Safari Lodge, Budongo Eco Lodge, Fort Murchison, Murchison River Lodge and alternative budget accommodation at Red Chilli Rest Camp.
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