Rwanda Gorilla Safari Adventures

Gorilla safari adventures are some of the best safaris you could ever take in Africa. Gorillas can only be seen in three countries on the entire continent where you have the opportunity to see mountain gorillas in Uganda and Rwanda where as we get to see the lowland gorillas in The Democratic republic of Congo.

Rwanda gorilla trekking is done in the Virunga Mountain ranges. These mountains border all three gorilla habitat countries. Close to 480 of the world’s mountain gorilla population is found in the virunga ranges, the rest are found in Bwindi impenetrable forest.

There are 10 gorilla families/groups in the Volcanoes National Park. These are habituated gorilla families that have been nurtured to tolerate human presence making organized gorilla safari adventures possible and safe. Because of this, you get to have the amazing experience of looking into a silver back’s eyes and watching these magnificent creatures go about their day, taking care of their young, feeding, and playing about without worrying about being attacked or the gorillas hiding away from you. The entire experience is simply magical and definitely an adventure you can never forget.

Planning your Rwanda Gorilla Safari Adventure

There are a few things you need to consider as you plan your gorilla safari that range from timing and cost.

Playful baby gorilla in Volcanoes National Park

Playful baby gorilla in Volcanoes National Park

Seasons and time

Even though Rwanda gorilla tours can be done all year round, some times of the year make for a better trip than others. April-May is the rainy season, which means the ground is constantly wet, and it is rainy and cold. It can be quite challenging to hike through the forests in the rainy season.

The best time for your Rwanda gorilla trekking adventure is during the drier months of June-September and December -February. Although rain in these parts of Rwanda can fall at any time of the year, these particular periods are drier than the rest of the year.

All in all the gorilla safari has to be booked well in advance.

Rwanda Gorilla Permits

In order to track gorillas anywhere in east and central Africa, you need a permit. In Rwanda there are 80 gorilla permit available per day allowing 8 tourists per gorilla family per day. The smart thing to do is purchase a permit for your desired dates of gorilla trekking early enough. A gorilla trekking permit in Rwanda costs US $ 1,500 (This was an increment from $750 effective 6th May 2017). The gorilla permits are sold on first come first served basis and tourists book these permits well in advance.

How fit should one be for their gorilla safari adventure?

While you do not need to be sportsman fit to go for a gorilla trekking experience, you will enjoy the experience better if you have a general level of fitness. You will be doing quite a bit of walking as you track the gorillas, you do not want to be too worn out from the trek to enjoy the gorillas when you eventually find them. If you are not quite fit, or used to walking much, a few hill walks would be good exercise for you as you prepare for your gorilla safari.

Gorilla Trekking

A typical day of gorilla trekking

What should you expect?

So you have finally traveled to Rwanda for a gorilla safari. You are pumped and ready for your adventure to begin, but you could be wondering what to expect.

Well this is what a day of gorilla trekking looks like……

With your passport, gorilla permit, appropriate trekking gloves, boots, rain jackets snacks, walking stick and all other necessary supplies ready you will set of early morning for the park headquarters. At the park headquarters, there will be a short briefing by the park officials before the tracking begins. Your passports and gorilla permits will be crosschecked to verify identity and ownership. If everything is found to be in order, you will be served a cup of coffee or tea and entertained by some traditional dancers as you wait for your guide to give you some tips and guidelines on how to conduct yourselves on the trek, and around the gorillas.

After the briefing, and entertainment, you will be divided into groups of 8 and each group assigned a gorilla family to track. If it’s a full house, there will be ten groups of 8, since Rwanda has 10 groups of habituated gorillas, and the maximum number of people per group is 8. From here, you will venture into the forest in search of these giants with the help of the trackers and rangers as assigned. When you finally encounter the family, bearing in mind the guidelines as briefed, you are allowed a one hour’s experience with the giant apes.

How are the groups assigned?

The groups are assigned basing on age, fitness and occasionally preference (you can request to track a particular gorilla family). When basing on fitness and age, those who are older, say, above 45, and those that are less fit will be assigned to the “easy to track” families which most probably do not wonder far from the trail, and are found closer to the park. The younger ones, and those that are more fit will be assigned to the more “challenging to track” families. But you need to remember that gorillas are not very predictable, the usually hard to find family might be closer to the track on the day that you are assigned to it because it’s supposedly harder to find. So while the group assignments are helpful, it is not a guarantee that because a group is usually easy to find, you too will find it quite as easily on the day of your gorilla safari adventure. This makes gorilla trekking experience less predictable, and more adventurous and exciting. If you are not sure about how fit you are, please let your tour guide know of your possible limitations. You can also pay a porter to carry your backpack and other things you might have with you.

Every group has a main guide and two scouts, who carry guns to ensure your safety. You might need protection from wild elephants or some angry gorilla! The scouts who will accompany you are well trained in how to get you to safe hiding places in case you encounter dangerous animals, or to fire to scare away the animals. So far there have been no cases of animal attacks on tourists, or animals being shot at. The worst that has, happened, and that is the rarest case, is hiding away from dangerous animals. Aside from the scouts, every group will also benefit from the services of a tracker. Early morning before you set out to start your Rwanda gorilla trekking adventure, trackers will be sent out to find the location of the gorillas and assess where the gorillas might be headed. The trackers will update the tour guides of their respective Gorilla groups on the movements of the family. This makes the tracking a lot easier.

The gorilla trek

Gorilla tracking can take a varied length of time depending on the group that is tracking, the general location of the gorilla family, the terrain, weather and a few other factors. Sometimes the tracking will take as short as less than 2 hours, other times it will take as long as 7 hours. As you hike through the forest, follow the lead of your guide. As you climb up the steep slopes of the volcanoes, and through the forest, you will need to pull yourself up steep paths by grasping onto plant roots, branches, bushes, etc. a walking stick could also come in handy. You will get thirsty, so be sure to carry enough water. The trek through the forest can be tiring but the encounter with the gorillas is worth all the effort.

A gorilla encounter

After the short or long trek, you will be relieved and happy to find the gorillas. The trackers will clear the brush away so you can get a clear view of these magnificent creatures. It is truly an amazing experience. In order not to startle them into attacking or running away, you are advised to stay calm, quiet, and avoid sudden movements. Also avoid making eye contact with the gorillas, it can irritate them into thinking you are up for a fight. If you look a gorilla in the eye, and he begins charging at you, don’t run, stay still and lower your head as a sign of submission. This will show that you do not want a fight.

You will see the gorillas, either feeding, grooming, playing, or just being. All of those are good photo opportunities so have your cameras ready to snap off shot after shot of amazing gorilla photographs. Do remember to turn off the flash lights and camera sounds. After your one hour experience with the gorillas, it will be time to head back to the park head-quarters to get in touch with your safari guide and vehicle to transfer to your hotel or next destination.

A day of gorilla trekking in volcanoes national park should end before 7:00pm.

A typical Rwanda gorilla safari adventure is a 3 days gorilla trekking safari but it can be as short as 2 days or even 1 day (4:30 as it is commonly known in the tourism echoes) if you are already in Kigali. However the length of your gorilla safari depends on the time you will have, your budget constraints and your interests- a Rwanda gorilla safari can be done with a combination of other destinations or activities as can be advised by the gorilla safari adventures tour expert.

If you are planning this gorilla safari adventure outside Rwanda and you are a foreigner, please note that you have to apply for your visa well in advance after confirming you Rwanda safari. This can be done by yourself online and our gorilla safari adventures expert will provide you with the necessary documentation.